Shoot, Open, Stitch—Here’s How to Create a Panorama

Shoot, Open, Stitch—Here’s How to Create a Panorama

Breathtaking wide-angle shots have been a favorite since the days of 35mm film. But how do you create a panorama where the pictures flow into each other correctly, with no stitching lines visible between them?  It’s simpler than you’d think. You just need the right photos and a few minutes’ time, and you too can make a panorama.

Picking the right site is the foundation. You see, not every location will look good as a panorama. You can end up stitching your shots together and then finding out that your final photo is bland and you didn’t even need to make that panorama. So first think everything through well—just as if you were shooting to 35mm film.

How to Take the Pictures for Your Panorama

There’s a few things you’ll need make sure to do in order to be sure your panorama will look good. First, switch your camera in advance into manual mode (M) and set exposure values that fit the given scene well. Then leave these same values for all of the pictures.

Second, make sure your individual picture-pairs overlap by at least one third. That will make it very easy to stitch them together.

Third, have your camera in portrait orientation when taking your shots. If it’s turned the ordinary way, your panorama will be an unpleasantly narrow “noodle.”

There are 3 basic ways you can rotate your camera to take in the landscape when you’re taking your source pictures:

  1. You can hold it firmly in your hands and rotate your body in the direction in which you want the panorama to continue. This has the big advantage of being fast. But you’ll have to count on needing considerable editing to fix the distortion that arises when you turn the camera in an arc like this.
  2. Fasten your camera onto a tripod, then turn it on the tripod. That lets you use a lower ISO and exposure length. Then the light will describe the landscape better. However, here you’re still turning your camera on the axis of its sensor and not its lens, so you will still have to expect some distortion.
  3. Use a tripod with a panoramic head, which will let you set a nodal point. That will let you get rid of distortion and make your pictures tie into each other perfectly. However, besides the need to buy extra equipment, this has the disadvantage of needing extra setup time. Nevertheless, the result is worth it.

I personally use the first two of these methods. But at the same time, I also always take an extra photo or two to make room for possible cropping and distortion correction.

How to create a panorama: an example of a panoramic head.
An example of a Manfrotto MH057A5-LONG panoramic head. Photo:

Once you’ve taken your source photos, don’t forget to also check their exposure and sharpness. After all, there are some errors that you’ll have major trouble fixing on a computer.

How to Turn Photos into a Panorama

Now you just need to meld these photos into one picture. We’ll show you how through an example with five shots in portrait orientation.

In Zoner Photo Studio, go to the Manager and pick the pictures that you want to join.

How to create a panorama: Now click on Menu > Create > Panorama or use the Panorama button in the side panel on the right.
Now click on Menu > Create > Panorama or use the Panorama button in the side panel on the right.
How to create a panorama: the Panorama window.
The Panorama window appears. It has several steps. The first one asks you which photos to use.  It starts out with all the photos in the current folder selected, or any photos in a selection you made before starting. Confirm that selection, or change it if needed, and then continue.
How to create a panorama: If your pictures are not already in the right order, fix their order here.
If your pictures are not already in the right order, fix their order here.
How to create a panorama: enter the focal length of your lens.
Now enter the focal length of your lens so that your pictures can be joined as smoothly as possible. Or let ZPS set the focal length automatically—that’s what I do.
How to create a panorama: djust the connections between the individual photos
In the next step you can also adjust the connections between the individual photos. This makes it easy to remove any geometry defects before the final, “live” joining of the pictures.
How to create a panorama: save your panorama or open it in the Editor.
Now your panorama is ready. It’s up to you whether you save it right away or open it in the Editor, where you can adjust it. Personally, I only rarely edit my source photos before making my panoramas, and so I typically use the second option here. By editing the final panorama instead of the source shots, I get a much better idea of how it will look overall.
How to create a panorama: fine-tuning panorama in the Editor.
I wrap up by fine-tuning the panorama in the Editor however I want, then saving it.
How to create a panorama: final picture.
A panorama, finished and ready for presentation.

As you can see, you can create a panorama in just a few minutes, including both taking and joining the pictures.  And you don’t have to worry about imprecise joins.

Give panoramas a try. Download Zoner Photo Studio X and use the 30-day free trial, and you’ll create them quickly without complicated manual alignment.

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AuthorJosef Gabrhel

My idea of a great evening is spent under the stars or in a tent, taking pictures of the night sky before going to sleep. Then, photographing a majestic sunrise in the countryside the next morning. I am happiest when my photography takes me to Velká Javořina in the White Carpathian Mountains. I am also a passionate photographer of the fascinating, yet almost invisible world beneath our feet. When I’m not shooting landscapes, I’m busy exploring the forest, or my favorite wetland areas, taking photos of insects. Simply stated, I am a nature photographer, not just in my images, but also in my soul.

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